First a boring a side story. The paper begins,
Question: Why did the pencil think that 2 + 2 = 4?Fred made me tone it down (I used to be a lot worse than I am now) and take out, among other things,
Clark's answer: Because it was coupled to the mathematician.
Question: Why did the pencil think that multinational corporations are the greatest threat to world democracy?Much has been made of the idea that it is not the pencil alone that is supposed to be cognitive but instead the "person + pencil + paper" system. Ok. But, that really doesn't help. The point is that cognitive processing does not extend just in virtue of causal coupling.
Answer: Because it was coupled to Noam Chomsky.
Defending the Bounds of Cognition (with Fred Adams). (2010) In Menary, R., (Ed.). The Extended Mind, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (pp. 67-89).