Consciousness is not something the brain achieves on its own. Consciousness requires the joint operation of brain, body, and world. (Noë, 2009, p. 10).Noë notes that there are individuals who suffer from locked in syndrome. (Noë, 2009, p. 17f). They appear to be totally unconscious displaying no actions or behaviors commonly taken to be indicative of consciousness, but they are nonetheless conscious. How is this possible on Noë’s view? If consciousness requires the joint operation of brain, body, and world, then how can there be inactive individuals who are nonetheless conscious?
A. Noë, Out of Our Heads: Why you are not Your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness. (New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 2009).