James Gibson engaged in a sustained attack upon cognitivism over many years, from the thirties until his death in 1979 (Costall, 1984, p. 110).This is interesting, since I think many cognitivists date the cognitive revolution from the publication of Chomsky's review of Verbal Behavior. I don't want to insist that cognitivism began in 1959, but I do wonder what Costall had in mind by "cognitivism" such that it would have been a view Gibson was attacking in the thirties. I don't know that much about psychology in those days. Anyone have references? Else I might have to do research myself ... Or, maybe Costall's idea is that Gibson's work began to undermine the cognitivist approach before cognitivism was even born.
Costall, A. (1984). Are theories of perception necessary? A review of Gibson's The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior, 41(1), 109.